Quilting 101: How to Square Up Quilt Blocks

Quilting 101: How to Square Up Quilt Blocks

Did you know that after you make a quilt block, you’re supposed to check it with a ruler to make sure it is the correct size? If it’s not, you need to trim the block, or make other adjustments, so that your finished quilt will look right. This is called, “squaring up your blocks.” It’s a tedious task, but so worth it!

We’ve talked about the importance of sewing consistent ¼” seams on the blog before, but even if you’re super careful, some of your blocks might still get messed up. That’s why the ‘squaring up’ task is something you should never skip. We’re going to show you how to do it in this post.

Getting Started…

Before you attempt to square up your blocks, you need to press them well. We recommend using a wool pressing mat for the flattest blocks possible. Be careful not to stretch your blocks out of shape with your iron — simply apply pressure to the seam. A quilter’s clapper can also help.

To square up your blocks, you’ll need a rotary cutter, cutting mat, and an acrylic ruler. A square acrylic ruler that is the same size as your finished quilt block is helpful, but you can use any ruler with a 45° angle. If your blocks are too small, you’ll also need some freezer paper.

Note: If you don’t have any quilting rulers yet, we suggest you start your collection with a standard 8”x12.5” ruler. It can be used for squaring up your blocks, cutting strips, and measuring all sorts of angles.

How to Square Up a Quilt Block That Is Too Big

It’s more common for quilt blocks to turn out too big than too small. If this is the case for you, take a ruler and center it on top of your block. Then, carefully trim all the way around to make the block the perfect size. A square ruler makes this process fast and easy. If you have a larger ruler, you can trim two of the sides of your block and then turn your block around and trim the other two sides.

If you’re squaring up a half-square triangle block, place the 45° angle mark on your ruler directly on the seam where the two colors match up and then trim all the sides. This helps prevent you from chopping off the tips of your triangles. We love using a rotating cutting mat for this task.

Squaring Up Quilt Blocks

How to Square Up a Quilt Block That Is Too Small

If you’ve been a little too generous with your ¼” seam allowance, your blocks might turn out too small. That’s why quilt patterns frequently recommend that you use a scant ¼” — it prevents them from being too small. However, all is not lost if they’re only a little bit small. You can use some freezer paper to square up your blocks.

Cut a piece of freezer paper to the size that your quilt block should be. Then, draw lines ¼” from all the edges. This will show where your seam allowance is supposed to be. Also draw a horizontal line, vertical line, and two diagonal lines across your freezer paper to mark the center of your block. This will help with positioning later.

Freezer Paper

Place the freezer paper on top of your block with the shiny side down, making sure it is centered. If the edges of your block fall within your ¼” border lines, this method is going to work for you! Iron the freezer paper in place. Repeat this process for any block that is measuring too small.

With the freezer paper still attached, sew all your blocks together. You’ll be using the freezer paper as your new straight edge. Once all your blocks are sewn together, you can carefully rip off the freezer paper.

That’s all there is to it! If you take the time to square up your blocks, your quilts really will turn out better. Don’t you agree? Now, get yourself a NEW Quilt Kit and start practicing!

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No one mentions what to do about your cutting off your seam tacks. So you have to retack your seam ends at both sides of all your blocks. Rather tedious in my estimation. There should be a better way.


Thanks, these tips are very helpful I’ve only made rug mugs and enjoyed working with the blocks I’ve made these tips are really helpful.

Claudetta Mattox

While I have squared up blocks before, I found

Mags Leigh

After trial and error (four blocks) I learned three things: cut accurately, press NOT iron (avoid stretching) seams and most helpful, measure each component of block BEFORE I sew block together. This way I know that my half square triangles are all trimmed to 2.5 in (or whatever the unfinished size must be) and if those elements are all the right size, then I sew together into my 12.5 in block paying close attention to 1/4 inch seam. There are so many specialty feet for machine and helpful gadgets to help you get that 1/4 inch-most of all take your time. The freezer paper tip is helpful if you are a bit off but once I really paid attention to the pressing, cutting and measuring the unfinished sizes of pieced before sewing into block, I had few, if any, issues. I almost gave up but this worked for me.

Ann Marie Governale

To Terrie, first person to respond stating she wished she could print this blog. Well you can if: at the top of the page there usually is a square with a shape of a arrow. Click on that square and it will bring up a menu. In this menu there is a print option. Click on print and there you can get a printed page.


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